Duke University recently released a study showing that when people find the solution of a problem to be objectionable, they tend to deny the existence of the problem. The researchers called this behavior solution aversion. The example they used was that because people don’t want to accept the necessary solutions to address global warming, they deny that it exists.
The idea of solution aversion could shed some light on the student loan crisis. Despite some overwhelming evidence about the existence of a number of issues, people continue to deny them because they don’t like the necessary solutions. If a problem has an ugly but necessary solution, people will deny the problem exists.
The Problem: Some college students were duped into taking student loans
The Ugly Solution: Forgiveness of the student loans for the people who were misled.
The Denial: They took out the loans, why should taxpayers pay them back?
The Facts: In the last year there have been multiple lawsuits brought by the federal government alleging that schools inflated employment and graduation statistics misled people into taking out student loans. A number of schools have shut down, or been forced to pay large civil settlements. Looking at tactics such as pain points recruiting demonstrates the depths that some of these companies were willing to go.
As noted by the government in a recent Court pleading, one college did the following:
- defined a “placement” as any job that lasted one day, with the promise of a second day;
- paid employers to temporarily hire graduates from the school;
- falsified placement information;
- aggressively recruited through persistent telemarketing;
- subjected consumers who visited its campuses to high-pressure sales efforts;
- had “career services” that included distributing job postings from Craigslist
Finally, the logic of the blame the students denial is flawed. It assumes that either the loan holders or the taxpayers must foot the bill for the debt. What about the other parties involved? Why should lenders continue to profit on loans that were fraudulently induced? Should the for-profit schools be allowed to keep the profits? The bottom line is that people have been preyed upon by colleges or lenders using despicable tactics. To call the students who fell victim to these tactics anything other than victims is to deny reality. Helping them shouldn’t be a question of economics… it is about right and wrong.
Problem: Student loans are hurting the economy
The Ugly Solution: Find a way to lower the cost of college.
The Denial: 30 years ago, student debt existed and it didn’t hurt the economy… it is not any different today.
The Facts: The cost of college has outpaced inflation, wage growth, and expected earnings from a degree. Due to this high cost, student debt is higher than ever. It now totals over one trillion dollars. In recent years, it has surpassed both auto loans and credit card debt. Studies have shown that student debt hurts the housing market. We have even seen how student debt figures are manipulated to limit home-buying power. Applying the lessons of the Great Recession, there can be no doubt about the connection between the housing market and strength of the economy.
Problem: We gave out bad advice to a generation of students
The Ugly Solution: Realizing that college is not the best solution for everyone and redefining success and advancement for high schools and their students.
The Denial: Higher education is the key component to the American dream.
The Facts: When a high school senior becomes a college freshman, many people benefit. A high school’s college placement statistics go up. A college gets another student. Parents can be proud of their success raising a child. The problem is that not everyone needs or benefits from a college education. This push to college saddles many young people with debt they cannot afford from programs they didn’t need. Mike Rowe famously called this the worst advice in the history of the world. The fact is there are many great jobs that don’t require a college degree. Passing on college doesn’t make someone dumb, lazy, or a disappointment. For some, it could be a very wise decision.
Problem: Congress will never address the problems associated with the student loan crisis
The Ugly Solution: Students and borrowers need to get active to force these issues to be addressed.
The Denial: I’m broke, therefore, I have no influence in D.C.
The Facts: Politicians at their worst may only care about money and power, but in order to have a seat at the table, they need votes. Last week, the youth turnout was incredibly low. Voting costs nothing, takes little time, and it is the only way the people can truly assert their authority over those in power. If Millennials showed up at the polls in record numbers, their needs and issues might finally get the attention they deserve.