With the passage of the debt ceiling bill, we now know that federal student loan repayment will resume on August 30th.
It’s a rough way to end the summer for borrowers, but the debt ceiling negotiations could have gone much worse.
Most of the tips this month are to help everyone get ready for the restart.
Even though immediate action isn’t required for most borrowers at this time, now is the ideal time to take advantage of some of the opportunities currently available.
Federal borrowers can use the remaining pause and possible upcoming forgiveness to maximize the debt that ultimately gets erased.
For private loan borrowers, it is all about the interest rates. If you have a variable-rate private loan, it is a ticking timebomb. Interest rates across the economy are climbing, and variable-rate loan interest rates will continue to grow. If possible, using a refinance to lock in a fixed-rate loan is probably the best option. This route can also lower monthly payments.
Tip #1: Keep an Eye on Servicer Transfers
If it has been a while since you last looked at your federal student loans, they may be with a new servicer. Several months ago, my student loans moved from FedLoan Servicing to Mohela.
I’ve previously written a guide to dealing with loan servicer changes, but here is the short version:
- Watch out for scams. A confusing transition time makes it easy for scammers to take advantage of unsuspecting borrowers. Keep your guard up.
- Back up your records. Download or print all of your billing statements and payment records. Ideally, this information should go from one servicer to the next, but it is far from a certainty.
- Update your contact information. If you miss a payment because your old servicer sent a letter or email to your old address, they won’t cut you any slack. Updating your info might seem like you are doing them a favor, but you are only helping yourself.
Sherpa Thought: I can’t emphasize the importance of updating your contact information enough.
Many borrowers have old email addresses or mailing addresses on file from before the pandemic. Some date back to where they lived during college.
The loan servicers do not cut borrowers any slack if they miss a payment because the bill was sent to an old address.
Tip #2: Don’t Make Federal Student Loan Payments Right Now
Some borrowers and finance experts suggest that the 0% interest is an opportunity to knock out student loan debt. The idea is that borrowers who can afford to make payments continue to make payments. At the end of the interest freeze, these borrowers will have significantly reduced balances.
While I see the merits of this approach, I think there is a better way of doing it. Rather than giving the money to the government, borrowers should use the opportunity to build up their emergency funds. Ideally, all student loan borrowers should have an emergency fund. The interest freeze provides a chance to make sure sufficient funds are available. Any planned federal student loan payments belong in this fund.
At the end of the interest freeze, borrowers can make one large payment on their student loans. If things go as planned, the result will be the same as if they continued making monthly payments.
However, there are two significant advantages to delaying the payments until the very end:
- Borrowers can earn interest on their money. This is the rare instance where a high-yield savings account will pay a higher interest rate than what a student loan charges. By being patient, borrowers can earn some money,
- Borrowers get flexibility. This is the big one. If you lose your job or get sick and face substantial medical bills, you will be glad you kept the money.
The one exception to this suggestion would be the borrowers who don’t think they have the self-control for this strategy. If making regular monthly payments seems easy, but you fear you wouldn’t send in the large payment at the end, stick with making regular payments.
Tip #3: Don’t Wait Until the Freeze Ends to Call Your Servicer With Questions
Are you confused about what repayment plan to select? Do you have questions about forgiveness eligibility?
Now is the time to call your federal servicer to resolve these questions. When payments resume, things are going to be a mess. Servicers expect to get more calls in the first month than what they normally receive in a year.
Tip #4: Ask for a Refund on Your Previous Federal Payments
This tip is a continuation of the previous one.
If you made unrequired payments during the interest freeze, you might be able to get a refund for that payment.
Getting a refund only to return the money in a couple of months may seem like a waste of time. For many borrowers, it would be a waste of time.
However, having extra money in reserve, even if only for a short period, could be significant. If you are a couple of bad breaks from dire financial circumstances, getting a refund is worth the effort.
Lastly, for some borrowers, getting a refund on previous payments can mean more forgiveness under the Biden one-time forgiveness policy.
Tip #5: Consolidate your FFEL Loans
FFEL loans are a pain. Qualifying for forgiveness is tricky, and repayment plan options are limited.
However, many borrowers were stuck with their FFEL loans because consolidating them into a federal direct loan meant restarting the forgiveness clock.
In a pleasant surprise for borrowers, a new but temporary program from the Department of Education now allows FFEL borrowers to consolidate without losing their progress toward IDR forgiveness.
Because the rule is temporary, sooner rather than later should be the goal for many FFEL borrowers.
Tip #6: Now is a Great Time to Refinance Private Student Loans
For over a year, I’ve been telling borrowers not to refinance their federal loans. The big benefit of refinancing is getting lower interest rates, and no refinance company can beat the 0% offered on federally-held student loans.
The refinance companies have been feeling the pressure. With fewer borrowers looking to refinance their loans, competition has gotten intense. As a result, interest rate offerings have been very aggressive, which means lower rates and better loan terms for borrowers.
Sherpa Tip: Now is not the time to refinance federal loans. Borrowers who want to refi now are jumping the gun. The best approach is to wait and game the system a little bit.
However, inflation has become an issue as most lenders have raised rates. Fortunately, rates haven’t jumped like mortgages. The changing environment rewards the borrowers who shop around.
I know that many borrowers like to opt for shorter-term loans with lower interest rates, but if I had to refinance my private loans right now, I’d select a 20-year fixed-rate loan.
Here again, I tend to be conservative and prefer flexibility. A longer loan means a slightly higher interest rate but much lower minimum monthly payments. However, borrowers can always pay more than the minimum required. The benefit of a low minimum is the protection it offers in lean months.
As of June 2023, the following lenders offer the lowest rates on 20-year fixed-rate loans:
|Rank||Lender||Lowest Rate||Sherpa Review|
|1||6.08%*||Splash Financial Review|
5 thoughts on “Six Student Loan Tips for June 2023”
What is one to do who had Subsidized and Non-Subsidized Stafford Loans, which were federal loans that were bought by a private lender like Navient and told they don’t qualify for Biden’s one time payment debt-relief program? Navient said my loans are considered privately held loans, but backed by the federal government, however, they don’t qualify for any programs. There has to be something for borrowers like me.
There are definitely resources available for people in your situation. For starters, I’d suggest reading up on the differences between federally-held and privately-held federal loans. Next, a common solution is federal direct consolidation. This will convert the debt into a federal direct loan, but there is a lot to understand about the process.
Finally, if you are interested in chasing income-driven forgiveness, there is a one-time count update with an important deadline that might be important for you.
What company will be the serving agency now? I received a letter in the mail informing me to contact them before the 30th of January 2022. The company is Milano. What should I do? Is this an legit company representing the U.S. Education Department?
I have never heard of Milano, and they are not a federal student loan servicer.
This article on tracking down your federal loans and servicer contact information may help.
I’ve read some of the articles from this blog and would like to express my appreciation and respect to its’ authors and contributors. It is crucial to inform students about student loans and the associated debt. I believe that the majority of students didn’t understand what they are getting into when borrowing for the dream degree. In this sense the informative sources like this one are priceless.
In my opinion, the system needs to be revised since young people are risking their financial future.